Toyota and DOE look at how hydrogen fuel-cell tech could help smooth the grid


    Toyota introduced final week that it’s collaborating with the U.S. Division of Power and its Nationwide Renewable Power Laboratory (NREL) to offer a brand new proof level for hydrogen fuel-cell tech—in a megawatt-scale, multitasking power-generation bundle which may doubtlessly be used for renewable power storage and smoothing the grid.

    The three-year, $6.5 million venture is being funded by the DOE and is aiming to “construct, set up, and consider” a 1-megawatt proton change membrane fuel-cell system at NREL’s Colorado campus. 

    The venture is a part of the DOE’s [email protected] initiative, aiming “to advance reasonably priced hydrogen manufacturing, transport, storage, and utilization.” It’s not as controversial because the hydrogen hubs, for trucking and extra, that have been written into the 2021 infrastructure legislation. 

    As Toyota factors out, the system for the facility plant that can be absolutely commissioned by the top of the yr, generates about 15 instances the facility of the everyday automotive-grade gasoline cell used within the Toyota Mirai, and it’s able to AC or DC output. 

    Along with the 1-MW fuel-cell generator, the venture features a 600-kg hydrogen storage system and 1.25-MW PEM electrolyzer. It’s half of a bigger NREL venture siming to reveal “direct renewable hydrogen manufacturing, power storage, energy manufacturing and grid integration on the megawatt scale,” in keeping with Toyota. 

    Toyota megawatt hydrogen fuel-cell station research project

    Toyota megawatt hydrogen fuel-cell station analysis venture

    With it, researchers plan to discover new functions for the expertise and the way it may combine with different techniques—doubtlessly in industrial makes use of, or to mix in powering heavy-duty tools. 

    From this, sooner or later, such techniques may be used to strategically retailer and launch—with hydrogen—renewable power like photo voltaic and wind, rather than massive scale battery packs that might require extra uncooked supplies to construct. 

    It’s working with techniques integrator Telios on the design of the plant, they usually plan to  “push the operational boundaries of the gasoline cell system design” to get an understanding of the restrictions and degradation. 

    Kenworth T680 with Toyota hydrogen fuel-cell powertrain, at 2019 CES

    Kenworth T680 with Toyota hydrogen fuel-cell powertrain, at 2019 CES

    Toyota, which hasn’t embraced battery electrical autos as quickly as different automakers, however like Hyundai it has continued to increase its hydrogen fuel-cell plans for the U.S.—particularly pushing the tech into bigger autos. It has for years been utilizing fuel-cell semis for Southern California port responsibility, and in an enlargement of plans to make use of the tech for vehicles and industrial makes use of it introduced that it’ll make fuel-cell modules within the U.S. beginning in 2023, in Kentucky. Toyota has even introduced that it’s growing hydrogen combustion engines for racing. 


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